Cosmic Evolution Project Submenu Links - click to expand or collapse list

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purpose

 

Universe

Origin of the Universe

Composition

Stardust

protons and neutrons

photons and neutrinos

dark matter and dark energy

primordial overdensities

Big Bang

Expansion

Early cosmic inflation

Stars and Galaxies

Milky Way Galaxy

 

Solar System

Sun

Jupiter

Venus

Earth

Moon

Ice Giants

Trans-Neptunian Objects

Asteroid Belt

Moons and Rings

Earth and Geobiosphere

Ocean Science Quest

Darwin In the Garden

Origin of Life

Diversity of Life

Complexity of Life

Organism Life Cycle

Ecosystem Evolution

Ecosystem Life Cycle

Brains and Tools

Brain Structure

Brain Cell Building Blocks

Brain chemistry and neuroplasticity

Brain Development

Brain Evolution

Brain Emergent Properties

Consciousness

Brain Life Cycle

Tools

Tools to expand sensory powers

Tools to expand physical powers

Tools to expand mental powers

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Selection

Socio-economic Evolution

 

 

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universe

Science seeks plausible natural explanations of natural phenomena. For example: How did a giant cloud of cold dilute gas and dust evolve into astronauts in a spacecraft orbiting a planet orbiting a star? The short answer is when energy flows, complexity grows.

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solar system

The five billion year history of the solar system involves the formation and evolution of the Sun, planets, moons, planetesimals, asteroids, comets, and interplanetary gas and dust. Transformations of energy and matter in the interior of the Sun and planets involve gravitational, electromagnetic and nuclear forces. Heat transport may involve thermal conduction, convection, and radiation.

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Earth and Geobiosphere

The five billion year history of the Earth and geobiosphere is best depicted by a linear timeline in equal 100 million year intervals depicting Earth's physical, chemical, and biological history including changes at major nodes in Blair Hedges molecular timescales. The timeline will be accompanied by plausible explanations of the underlying astrophysical, geophysical, biogeochemical, and ecological causes and/or consequences of molecular and metabolic evolution. The emphasis is on the thermal structure and

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brains and tools

Brains and tools involve the composition, structure, and evolution of neurons and biological and artificial neural networks from the simplest animals to the human brain, their ability to process sensory input and to control motor functions, and the development of tools to analyze, observe, and control the environment and transform the Earth and its lifeforms.

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cosmic evolution project

Sample Project Questions: One focus of this project is to simulate the formation and evolution of natural systems using modeling software like NetLogo in order to provide new insights for researchers and educators addressing questions like the following:

  1. What is the difference between Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and stellar nucleosynthesis?
  2. How did dark matter cosmic webs dissipate excess energy and entropy and where did the excess go?
  3. How do stars and giant planets form and how does energy flow from their interiors?
  4. How do space and particles co-evolve?
  5. Does the expanding universe conserve energy?
  6. How do prebiotic geochemical processes produce the molecular and metabolic building blocks of life?
  7. How do polymers, membranes, self-replicating molecules, and self-organizing structures form?
  8. How do geobiospheres, organisms, and ecosystems co-evolve?
  9. What processes and conditions caused the fungus and animal kingdoms to diverge?
  10. How do biological brains and artificial intelligence co-evolve?

Home

The mission of the cosmic evolution project is to provide inspiration, educational resources, and training to help current and future teachers, informal science educators, and others explore and explain the composition, structure and evolutionary history of the Earth and the universe from the Big Bang to big brains and AI.

Many of the videos embedded in this website are on the Cal Poly Cosmic Evolution YouTube channel which is at https://tinyurl.com/cosmicevolutionyoutube. You may have to click on the uploads button to see thumbnails of all of the videos.

What's next?

https://evolution.calpoly.edu/moon

 

 

upcoming cosmic evolution events through 2020

The cosmic evolution project plans to produce one event per year in early October in a venue like Spanos Theatre featuring a consulting guest speaker discussing the composition, structure, formation, and/or evolution of emergent systems like cosmic webs, galaxies, black holes, stars, planets, life, brains, and/or artificial intelligence. The project plans to produce three quarterly faculty-student special events per year to help students and others explore the evolutionary history of the universe, the web of life, and the Earth’s geobiosphere and repeat them with student help on Saturdays for high school students and others. Preparation should start at least one quarter before the quarter in which the event or activity occurs. Other events and activities may also be organized.

Here are the preliminary plans for the next five major cosmic evolution events:

  1. About 70 attendees celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Apollo Moon missions at our free public lecture “Apollo 10: Fly me to the Moon” on Wednesday May 22 in Baker room 180-101. Highlights included videos and posters of the Apollo 10 and 11 missions, the origin and co-evolution of the Moon and Earth, and the influence of the Moon on life on Earth. Apollo 10 was the dress rehearsal for the Apollo 11 lunar landing. On this date 50 years ago, two astronauts entered the lunar module and descended to within 8.4 miles of the surface of the moon.The flyer and additional information is at https://evolution.calpoly.edu/moon.
  2. The October 2019 Spanos Theatre guest speaker event “Cosmogenesis: We are Stardust” will celebrate the 150th anniversary of the Periodic Table with a program on the cosmogenesis of the elements, the co-evolution of stellar populations and “empty space”, and the cosmic origins of the molecular building blocks of life.
  3. The October 2019 Dark Matter Days faculty-student special event “A Star is Born” will highlight the role of dark matter in forming large scale structures like the cosmic web, galaxies, stars, and planets by preserving the primordial quantum density fluctuations that appeared during the inflationary epoch in the tiny fraction of a second after the Big Bang.
  4. The February 2020 Darwin Days faculty-student special event “The Coevolution of Plants and Animals” will highlight the evolutionary history of life. Topics may include the origin and evolution of molecular and metabolic building blocks of life, energy and entropy, photosynthesis and respiration, and/or relationships among organisms including endosymbiosis, cooperation, and competition.
  5. The April 2020 Earth Days faculty-student special event will celebrate the 50th anniversary of Earth Day with a program called “Five Billion Years of Global Warming” that will highlight the role of plants and other photosynthesizers in regulating the composition and temperature of Earth’s atmosphere and oceans.

recent programs

We celebrated Darwin's 210th birthday with short talks by biology faculty on February 7 and "Darwin in the Garden: A walk through time" on February 8 in the Leaning Pine arboretum. Visit DarwinDays for more information and to see the flyer. We produced a walk brochure which we will post. The original Darwin in the Garden posters from the 2009 bicentennial are at DarwinGarden

also on a related note: Dr. Joseph Ross of Cal State Fresno gave a seminar entitled "The molecules that define races, species, and everything in between" on February 1 - the flyer is here.

 

 

What is the Cosmic Evolution Project? – click to expand or collapse

The project is a work in progress by Dr. Bob Field, Cal Poly physicist and research scholar in residence. As such, it has not been professionally reviewed by specialists in each and every field that is within its scope and in fact a major goal of going live online is to make the content and format accessible to potential reviewers around the world. So that is the caveat in using this material for research or advanced studies along with the obvious point that references and footnotes have been kept to a minimum to maintain the flow of big ideas.

The new project is an expansion of the Global Evolution Education Project which focuses on the five billion year natural history of planet Earth. This project and other natural history and natural science projects were extensively documented on his outdated faculty website at www.calpoly.edu/~rfield. Many students and a number of faculty have participated in this effort and their activities will be described as this website matures.

The cosmic evolution project provides educational resources to help students, educators, and the general public investigate the composition, structure, formation, and evolution of the universe in four overlapping domains: universe, solar system, Earth and geobiosphere, and brains and tools. The project provides timelines showing the sequence of key events in the evolutionary history of each of these domains.

The project supports upper division undergraduate student projects and courses and informal science education. The story of cosmic evolution involves astrophysical and biogeochemical materials and processes and emphasizes what nature does, not what scientists do. The National Academy of Science says that it is the role of science to provide plausible natural explanations of natural phenomena. That is to say that invoking unknown unobservable supernatural agents and processes is out of scope for a scientific endeavor until all other explanations have been definitively eliminated. And even then, a supernatural explanation would have to meet a set of plausibility criteria above and beyond mere supposition.

Unlike the wonderful Cosmos series on TV, this project focuses on the sequence of natural events themselves, rather than the role of science and scientists in discovering nature’s secrets. Cosmic evolution asks how stars and galaxies and life itself emerged from nothing. The ultimate question in Earth system history is how did a cold dilute cloud of gas and dust evolve into astronauts in a spacecraft orbiting a planet orbiting a star?

Universe – click to expand or collapse

The universe already has a 13.7 billion year evolutionary history from the Big Bang and the release of particles of energy and matter to the formation and evolution of stars and galaxies and the mysterious nature of dark energy and dark matter. Its history determines its ultimate fate in the distant future. A logarithmic timeline of the universe will be necessary to show the details of the early expansion while encompassing the vast time scale to the present and the ultimate future.

Solar System – click to expand or collapse

The five billion year history of the solar system involves the formation and evolution of the Sun, planets, moons, planetesimals, asteroids, comets, interplanetary gas, and dust. Transformations of energy and matter in the interior of the Sun and planets involve gravitational, electromagnetic and nuclear forces. Heat transport may involve thermal conduction, convection, and radiation. A logarithmic timeline best depicts this domain.

Earth and geobiosphere – click to expand or collapse

The five billion year history of the Earth and geobiosphere is best depicted by a linear timeline in equal 100 million year intervals depicting Earth's physical, chemical, and biological history including changes at major nodes in Blair Hedges molecular timescales. The timeline highlights the rarely discussed extraordinary events in the Proterozoic era and features plausible natural explanations of the underlying astrophysical, geophysical, biogeochemical, and ecological causes and/or consequences of molecular and metabolic evolution.

The emphasis is on the thermal structure and distribution and flows of energy and matter within the Earth’s lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, as well as the influence of the Sun, the Earth’s deep interior, other planets, and inflows of particles and objects. This domain encompasses the water cycle, carbon and other element cycles, biogeochemical processes, and the origin and evolution of the molecular, metabolic, and structural building blocks of life. Interactions of energy and matter drive microbial ecology, the evolution of complex cells and multicellular organisms, and the origin of kingdoms and phyla.

Brains and Tools – click to expand or collapse

Brains and tools involve the composition, structure, and evolution of neurons and biological and artificial neural networks from the simplest animals to the human brain, their ability to process sensory input and to control motor functions, and the development of tools to analyze, observe, and control the environment and transform the Earth and its lifeforms. A reverse order logarithmic timeline covers the evolutionary history of brains and tools from 3.4 billion year old bacterial membrane proteins that controlled the flow of ions to two billion year old eukaryote cells that generated electrical signals to 600 million year neural networks to complex animal brains to modern machines with exceptional computational powers.

 

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